Bagaimana Penggunaan Present Continuous And Present Simple?

Pelajari contoh berikut dan bandingkan dengan contoh:
Present continuous (I am doing)
Penggunaan “continuous” untuk sesuatu yang terjadi saat waktu berbicara dan kegiatan tersebut belum berakhir.

  • The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?
  • Listen to those people. What language are they speaking?
  • Let’s go out. It isn’t raining right now.
  • ‘Don’t disturb me. I’m busy.’ ’ Why? What are you doing?’
  • I’m going to bed now. Goodnight!
  • Maria is in Britain at the moment. She’s learning English.

Present Continuous juga dapat digunakan pada situasi yang sementara:

  • I’m living with some friends until I find a flat.
  • ‘You’re working hard today.’ ‘Yes, I’ve got a lot to do.’

Present simple digunakan untuk hal-hal umum atau yang terjadi berulang-ulang.

  • Water boils at 100 degree celsius.
  • Excuse me, do you speak English?
  • It doesn’t rain very much in summer.
  • What do you usually do at weekends?
  • What do you do?
  • I always go to bed before midnight.
  • Most people learn to swim when they are children.

Present simple juga digunakan pada situasi yang permanen:

  • My parents live in London. They have lived there all theor lives.
  • John isn’t lazy. He works very hard most of the time.

Murphy, Raymond. (1994). English Grammar in Use Second Edition. Syndicate Press: University of Cambridge.