Bagaimana cara menggunakan Have dan Have Got?

Have dan **Have Got (=kepemilikan, memiliki)

Kita sering menggunakan have got daripada have saja. Jadi kita bisa mengatakan:

  • We’ve got a new car. atau We have a new car.
  • Ann has got two sisters. atau Ann has two sisters.

Kita menggunakan have got atau have untuk menjelaskan hal yang dialami seperti sakit, dan sebagainya:

  • I’ve got a headache. atau I have a headache.

Kalimat negatif dan pertanyaan memiliki beberapa bentuk.
Kalimat negatif:

  • I haven’t got any money.
  • I don’t have any money.
  • I haven’t any money. (tidak umum)
  • She hasn’t got a car.
  • She doesn’t have a car.
  • She hasn’t a car. (tidak umum)

Kalimat pertanyaan:

  • Have you got any money?
  • Do you have any money?
  • Have you any money? (tidak umum)
  • Has she got a car?
  • Does she have a car?
  • Has she a car? (tidak umum)

Apabila have berarti ‘kepemilikan’, kita tidak bisa menggunakan bentuk continuous (is having/are having):

  • I have/I’ve got a headache. (bukan ‘I’m having’)

Untuk bentuk masa lampau kita menggunakan had (umumnya tanpa kata ‘got’):

  • Ann had long fair hair when she was a child. (bukan ‘Ann had got’)

Pada pertanyaan dan kalimat negatif dalam bentuk masa lampau kita umumnya tidak menggunakan did/didn’t:

  • Did they have a car when they were living in London?
  • I didn’t have a watch, so I didn’t know the time.
  • Ann had long fair hair, didn’t she?

Have breakfast/have a bath/ have a good time.
Have (namun bukan 'have got’) juga digunakan untuk menjelaskan kegiatan dan pengalaman. Contoh:

  • have breakfast / dinner / a cup of coffee / a cigarette.
  • have a bath / a shower / a swim / a rest / a party / a holiday / a nice time.
  • have an accident / an experience / a dream.
  • have a look (at something) / a chat (with somebody)
  • have a baby (= give birth to a baby)
  • have difficulty / trouble / fun
  • Goodbye! I hope you have a nice time.
  • Mary had a baby recently.

'Have got, is tidak bisa digunakan pada kalimat ini. Bandingkan:

  • I usually have a sandwich for my lunch. (have = ‘eat’ - not 'have got)

Namun bisa digunakan pada kalimat berikut:

  • I’ve got some sandwiches. Would you like one?

Pada kalimat berikut, *have berperan seperti verb lain. Jadi kita bisa menggunakan bentuk continuous (is having / are having) seperti kalimat berikut:

  • I had a postcard from Fred this morning. He’s on holiday. He says he’s having a wonderful time. (not ‘he has a wonderful time’)
  • The phone rang while we were having dinner. (not ‘while we had’)

Pada kalimat pertanyaan dan kalimat negatif kita umumnya menggunakan do/does/did:

  • I don’t usually have a big breakfast. (not ‘I usually haven’t’)
  • What time does Ann have lunch? (not ‘has Ann lunch’)
  • Did you have any difficulty finding somewhere to live?

Murphy, Raymond. 1994. English Grammar In Use Second Edition. Press Syndicate: Univeristy of Cambridge.

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