Apa yang dimaksud dengan ekonomi pedesaan?

Apa yang dimaksud dengan ekonomi pedesaan?

Apa yang dimaksud dengan ekonomi pedesaan?

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Pertanyaan apa itu ekonomi pedesaan, masih membangkitkan keragaman pendapat yang mengejutkan, terlepas dari volume besar literatur saat ini yang membahasnya, dan terlepas dari perhatian yang telah diterima subjek dalam beberapa tahun terakhir. Dengan meningkatnya kepadatan populasi, harga produk pertanian yang lebih tinggi, dan semua masalah lain yang terjadi pada populasi yang semakin padat, ekonomi pedesaan akan menerima banyak perhatian; dan perhatian ini harus diarahkan secara cerdas.

Ekonomi pedesaan, menurut Profesor Taylor, "ada hubungannya dengan penyesuaian harmonis hubungan antara bentuk-bentuk yang berguna dari produksi tanaman, hewan, dan lingkungan hidup; juga antara berbagai orang yang berpartisipasi dalam produksi, transportasi, dan pemasaran produksi pertanian.

Ekonomi pedesaan adalah studi tentang ekonomi kawasan pedesaan yang di dalamnya memuat terkait :

  1. Industri pertanian dan non-pertanian
  2. Pertumbuhan, pembangunan, dan perubahan ekonomi
  3. Ukuran dan distribusi spasial unit produksi dan rumah tangga serta perdagangan antar wilayah
  4. Penggunaan lahan
  5. Penawaran dan permintaan untuk perumahan dan non-perumahan
  6. Migrasi dan populasi
  7. Keuangan
  8. Kebijakan pemerintah tentang pengembangan, investasi, regulasi, dan transportasi
  9. Analisis keseimbangan umum dan kesejahteraan, misalnya, saling ketergantungan sistem dan perbedaan pendapatan desa-kota

Ekonomi pedesaan erat kaitannya dengan pembanguna desa.

Referensi

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